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Direct and Indirect Effects of Malawi's Public Works Programme on Food Security

by Kathleen Beegle, Emanuela Galasso, Jessica Goldberg | Tuesday, 28 February, 2017

Labor-intensive public works programs are important social protection tools in low-income settings, intended to supplement the income of poor households and improve public infrastructure. In this evaluation of the Malawi... Continue Reading

The Impact of Refugee Experiences on Education: Evidence from Burundi

by Sonja Fransen, Melissa Siegel, Carlos Vargas-Silva | Tuesday, 28 February, 2017

Previous studies suggest that displacement is one of the channels through which conflict impacts schooling outcomes. However, there is scarce evidence on this impact for those who are displaced internationally (i.e. refu... Continue Reading

Labor Migration, Capital Accumulation, and the Structure of Rural Labor Markets

by Taryn Dinkelman, Grace Kumchulesi, Martine Mariotti | Thursday, 16 February, 2017

Can migrant capital be a force for structural change in labor markets of sending communities? We address this question by studying how rural labor markets in Malawi changed in the three decades following exogenous shocks... Continue Reading

Out with the Old and Unproductive, in with the New and Similarly Unproductive: Microenterprise Dynamics in a Growing Low-Income Economy

by Brian McCaig, Nina Pavcnik | Thursday, 16 February, 2017

Non-farm microenterprises employ a large share of the overall and non-agricultural workforce in low-income counties. Yet, the lack of large-scale, nationally representative data on microenterprises often precludes a syst... Continue Reading

For Richer, for Poorer

by Nina Pavcnik | Wednesday, 15 February, 2017

This piece focuses on the effects of international trade on inequality within developing countries.  The effects of trade on inequality within a country are complex, as trade influences people’s earnings and c... Continue Reading


IZA and the UK Government Department for International Development (DFID) are proud to present their joint IZA/DFID Growth and Labour Markets in Low Income Countries Programme (GLM | LIC), which will improve worldwide knowledge on labor market issues in low-income countries (LICs) and provide a solid basis for capacity building and development of future labor market policies. 30 grants have been awarded for research activities of institutions around the globe, with a substantial proportion of funds routed to research activities in institutions in LICs.