Got it
We use Google Analytics in compliance with German Data Protection Law. The site gathers data for the sole purpose of improving its services. You're able to decline now or later. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. You'll find more information here.

Comparative Advantage, International Trade, and Fertility

Journal of Development Economics, 119, 48-66.

by Quy-Toan Do, Andrei Levchenko, Claudio Raddatz | Tuesday, March 01, 2016

We analyze theoretically and empirically the impact of comparative advantage in international trade on fertility. We build a model in which industries differ in the extent to which they use female relative to male labor, and countries are characterized by Ricardian comparative advantage in either female-labor or male-labor intensive goods. The main prediction of the model is that countries with comparative advantage in female-labor intensive goods are characterized by lower fertility. This is because female wages, and therefore the opportunity cost of children are higher in those countries. We demonstrate empirically that countries with comparative advantage in industries employing primarily women exhibit lower fertility. We use a geography-based instrument for trade patterns to isolate the causal effect of comparative advantage on fertility.

Do, Q. T., Levchenko, A. A., & Raddatz, C. (2016). Comparative advantage, international trade, and fertility. Journal of Development Economics, 119, 48-66.

For further reading please click here.

Click here for a brief introduction of the project.